Binding HTML Form Fields To Javascript Objects

Consider that I have a object called ‘person’ with a property called ‘Name’ which returns me the name of a particular person. I want to assign this object property to a form element such that:

  1. The form element will display the value of object property (In our case, the value of person.Name)
  2. If I change the value in form, then it should automatically get assigned to the object property

In C#, it could be done by using the following piece of code:

nameTextBox.DataBindings.Add("Text", person, "Name");

I really like the way DataBinding works and would really like have something like this when I’m working on web applications to bind a object property to input elements in HTML forms. So I decided to write a small javascript that would allow me to bind object properties to form elements. For example, I wanted to write something like this:

<input type="text" object="person" property="firstName" />

Thanks to the power of Javascript and prototype library, I was able to use data binding in html forms using code:

function initializeFormBinding()
	var formElements = document.getElementsByTagName('input');
function initializeFormElement(formElement)
	if (!(formElementHasObjectAttribute(formElement) &amp;&amp; formElementHasPropertyAttribute(formElement)))
	var objectName = getAttributeValue(formElement,'object');
	var propertyName = getAttributeValue(formElement,'property');
	window.eval('formElement.value = '+objectName+'.'+propertyName);
	window.eval('formElement.onchange=function(){ '+objectName+'.'+propertyName+' = formElement.value; }');
function formElementHasObjectAttribute(formElement)
	return getAttributeValue(formElement,'object')!=null;
function formElementHasPropertyAttribute(formElement)
	return getAttributeValue(formElement,'property')!=null;
function getAttributeValue(element, attributeName)
	return element.readAttribute(attributeName);

Lets see how to use this: First, create a javascript object. For example:

var person = {};
person.firstName = '';
person.lastName = '';
person.age = ''; = '';

After that call initializeFormBinding() function using onLoad attribute of body tag. For example:

<body onLoad="javascript:initializeFormBinding();">

Now, in each of your input elements, put the name of the object in ‘object’ attribute and name of property in ‘property’ attribute as follows:

First Name:
<input type="text" object="person" property="firstName" /><br>
Last Name:
<input type="text" object="person" property="lastName" /><br>
<input type="text" object="person" property="age" /><br>
<input type="text" object="person" property="country" /><br>

Thats it…. If you initialize properties of person object, you would see those values in respective form elements. On the other hand, if you modify the value in a particular input element then it would get reflected in the corresponding object property. Anybody is free to use this code in their applications.

Download a small example application..


  1. kiran says:

    it is not working fine

  2. kiran says:

    it is not working fine…. i checked it

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